Édouard-Henri Avril, 1843–1928 (better known by his pseudonym Paul Avril) was a French erotic artist who is best known for his paintings and illustrations for various erotic novels including Amours Du Chevalier de Fabulas, Atala - René - Le Dernier Abencerage, The Book of Expositions, Daphnis et Chloe and dozen of other titles. Many of these books were of limited numbers, often as few as 100 copies.
Beginning in 1878, Paul Avril exhibited his graphic paintings around salons in Paris. Soon after, he received first commission which was for the novel Fortunio by Théophile Gautier, and this was when he first began using his pseudonym Paul Avril whereas before he used to sign his paintings as "E Avril". Oddly, "Paul" was his brother's name (Paul-Victor Avril) and we can only speculate as to why he chose it.
Paul Avril was a prolific artist throughout his life though his greatest work is considered to be the illustrations he did for "De Figuris Veneris: A Manual of Classical Erotica" by Friedrich Karl Forberg when it was translated into French from its original Latin. However, his illustrations for Fanny Hill, as well as the illustrations in his version of I Modi (Les Sonnetts Luxurieux) are also highly accomplished.