Felicien Rops (1833 - 1898) was a Belgian artist who spent most of his life in Paris.
He worked in many mediums and was also a master printmaker utilizing various technique. He was originally trained in lithography by the University of Brussels, but went on to produces engravings and etchings as well. He was one of the first modern etchers to revive the neglected medium of soft-ground etching, in which the etching ground is melted into and mixed with tallow, producing the effect of lines drawn with a soft pencil or chalk. He also founded the International Society of Etchers and was for a time the vice president of the Free Society of Fine Arts in Brussels.
Rops was originally noticed for the engraving produced a weekly satirical journal called "Uylenspiegel. Journal des débats politiques et littéraires" in 1856 which he also founded. Coincidentally, among other works, Felicien Rops also produced a series of illustrations for Charles de Coster's novel "Uylenspiegel".
Many of Rops’s etchings are deeply erotic and depict an imaginary underworld or subjects of social decadence. His art is dark and surreal, often mingling life, sex and satanic elements. Much of the surrealism in his works remind me of Dutch Renaissance master Hieronymus Bosch who also worked with darkly surreal themes, though Rops style is more often described as Decadent, Symbolist, and a precursor to the Expressionist.